P.O.Box 266 • 915 Church Lane
Tappahannock • Virginia • 22560
804-443-3336


WWW.TAPPAHANNOCK-VA.GOV
           

 

 

ZONING ORDINANCE
Town of Tappahannock, Virginia

Adopted Sept 13, 2004


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ARTICLE I. PURPOSE AND AUTHORITY 1
     
Section 22-1. Authority 1
Section 22-2. Purpose 1
Section 22-3. Jurisdiction 1
Section 22-4. Zoning Districts – Established 1
Section 22-5. Interpretation 2
Section 22-6. Severability 3
Section 22-7. Location and Boundaries of Zones 3
Section 22-8. Permitted Uses 3
Section 22-9. Accessory Uses on Vacant Lots 4
Section 22-10. No Use or Sale of Land or Buildings Except
in Conformity with Chapter Provisions
4
Section 22-11. Violations and Penalties 4
Section 22-12. Relationship to Existing Zoning,
Subdivision, and Flood Control Ordinances
5
Section 22-13. Fees 5
Section 22-14. Computation of Time 5
     
ARTICLE II. BASIC DEFINITIONS AND
INTERPRETATIONS
7
     
Section 22-15. Definitions of Basic Words and Terms 7
Section 22-15.1 General Usage 7
Section 22.15.2 Interpretations by Zoning Administrator
or Zoning and Code Compliance Officer
7
Section 22.15.3 Specific Definitions 7
Section 22-16. Reserved 30
     
     
ARTICLE III ADMINISTRATIVE MECHANISMS 31
     
Section 22-17. Appointment and Terms of Planning
Commission Members
31
Section 22-18. Meetings of the Planning Commission 31
Section 22-19. Quorum and Voting 31
Section 22-20. Planning Commission Chairman 32
Section 22-21. Powers and Duties of Planning Commission 32
Section 22-22. Advisory Committees 32
Section 22-23. Appointments and Terms of Board
of Zoning Appeals
33
Section 22-24. Meetings of the Board of Zoning Appeals 33
Section 22-25. Quorum 34
Section 22-26. Voting 34
Section 22-27. Powers and Duties of Board of
Zoning Appeals
34
Section 22-28. Zoning Administrator 35
Section 22-29. Powers and Duties of the Zoning
Administrator
35
Section 22-30. Town Council 35
     
     
ARTICLE IV DEVELOPMENT APPROVAL 41
     
Part I Zoning Permits 37
Section 22-31. Permits Required 37
Section 22-32. Severability 37
Section 22-33. Time Limits for Zoning Permits 38
Section 22-34. Permit Application Requirements
and Procedures
38
Section 22-35. Certificate of Occupancy 40
Section 22-36. Inspection And Supervision
During Installation
41
Section 22-37. Who May Submit Permit Applications 41
Section 22-38. Applications To Be Complete 41
Section 22-39. Staff Consultation Before Formal Application 42
Section 22-40. Staff Consultation After Application
Submitted
42
Section 22-41. Authorizing Use Or Occupancy Before
Completion Of Development
Under Zoning Permit
43
Section 22-42. Completing Developments In Phases 43
Section 22-43. Expiration Of Permits 44
Section 22-44. Effect Of Permit On Successors And Assigns 44
Section 22-45. Amendments To And Modifications
Of Permits
45
Section 22-46. Reconsideration Of Board of
Zoning Appeals Action
45
Section 22-47. Maintenance Of Common Areas,
and Facilities
46
Section 22-48. Records of Zoning Administrators 46
Section 22-49. Structures And Uses To Be As Provided
In Zoning Permits, Plans, and
Certificates of Occupancy
46
     
Part II Special Exception Permits 46
Section 22-50. Intent 46
Section 22-51. Initiation of Special Exceptions 46
Section 22-52. Application for Special Exception 47
Section 22-53. Hearing on Application 47
Section 22-54. Authorization 47
Section 22-55. Standards – General 47
Section 22-56. Effect of Denial of a Special Exception 48
Section 22-57. Complaints 48
Section 22-58. Revocation 48
Section 22-59. Standards for Specific Special Exceptions 49
     
     
ARTICLE V APPEALS, VARIANCES,
INTERPRETATIONS
51
     
Section 22-60. Appeals 51
Section 22-61. Variances 51
Section 22-62. Interpretations 52
Section 22-63. Requests To Be Heard Expeditiously 53
Section 22-64. Burden of Proof in Appeals and Variances 53
Section 22-65. Board of Zoning Appeals Action on
Appeals and Variances
53
     
     
ARTICLE VI HEARING PROCEDURES FOR
APPEALS AND APPLICATIONS
55
     
Section 22-66. Hearing Required on Appeals
and Applications
55
Section 22-67. Notice of Hearing 55
Section 22-68. Evidence 55
     
     
ARTICLE VII ENFORCEMENT AND REVIEW 57
     
Section 22-72. Complaints Regarding Violations 57
Section 22-73. Persons Liable 57
Section 22-74. Procedures Upon Discovery of Violations 57
Section 22-75. Penalties and Remedies for Violations 57
Section 22-76. Permit Revocation 58
Section 22-77. Judicial Review 58
     
     
ARTICLE VIII NONCONFORMING USES 59
     
Section 22-78. Effective Date of Chapter 59
Section 22-79. Continuation 59
Section 22-80. Repairs and Maintenance 59
Section 22-81. Changes in District Boundaries 59
Section 22-82. Expansion or Enlargement 59
Section 22-83. Nonconforming Lots 60
Section 22-84. Restoration or Replacement 60
     
     
ARTICLE IX ZONING DISTRICTS AND ZONING MAP 61
     
Part I. Zoning Districts 61
Section 22-85. Districts Established 61
Section 22-86. Residential Districts 61
Section 22-87. Commercial/Business Districts 62
Section 22-88. Industrial District 63
Section 22-89. Planned Development Districts 63
Section 22-90. Floating Zones 63
     
Part II Special Overlay District - Chesapeake Bay
Preservation (CBPA) Overlay District
64
Section 22-91. Title 64
Section 22-92. Findings of Fact 64
Section 22-93. Purpose and Intent 64
Section 22-94. Areas of Applicability 65
Section 22-95. Use Regulations 66
Section 22-96. Lot Size 66
Section 22-97. Required Conditions 66
Section 22-98. Conflict with other Regulations 67
Section 22-99. Determining Resource Protection
Area Boundaries
67
Section 22-100. Performance Standards 68
Section 22-101. Water Quality Impact Assessment 72
Section 22-102. Plan of Development 77
Section 22-103. Administrative Waivers (Reserved) 82
Section 22-104. Nonconforming Uses and Waivers 82
Section 22-105. Exemptions 82
Section 22-106. Exceptions 85
     
Part III Special Overlay District -
Airport Overlay District
86
Section 22-107. Title 86
Section 22-108. Purpose and Intent 87
Section 22-109. Airport Safety Zones 87
Section 22-110. Airport Safety Zone Height Limitations 87
Section 22-111. Nonconforming Uses 87
Section 22.112. Permits 88
     
Part IV. Zoning Map 89
Section 22-113. Identification of Official Zoning Map 89
Section 22-114. Amendment of Official Zoning Map 89
Section 22-115. Unauthorized Changes 89
Section 22-116. Replacement of Official Zoning Map 89
Section 22-117. Interpretation of District Boundaries 90
Section 22-118. Amendments to the Official Zoning Map 90
     
ARTICLE X PERMISSIBLE USES 91
     
Section 22-119. Use of the Designations P and SE in the
Table of Permissible Uses
91
Section 22-120. Permissible Uses and Specific Exclusions 91
Section 22-121. Accessory Uses 92
Section 22-122. Permissible Uses Not Requiring Permits 92
Section 22-123. Change in Use 93
Section 22-124. Combination Uses 94
Section 22-125. Permissible Uses Tables 94
     
     
ARTICLE XI SUPPLEMENTARY USE REGULATIONS 105
     
Section 22-126. Animal Boarding Places - Kennels
and Veterinary Hospitals (5.02.300)
105
Section 22-127. Antenna or Tower - greater than
50 feet in height and associated
substation (4.06.300)
105
Section 22-128. Boardinghouses, Bed and Breakfasts,
Country Inns (3.04.100)
105
Section 22-129. Child or Elderly Day Care Centers (3.03.220) 106
Section 22-130. Flea or Open Air Market (6.01.300) 106
Section 22-131. Golf Courses and Country Clubs (4.02.220) 106
Section 22-132. Golf Driving Ranges, Par 3 Golf and
Miniature Golf Courses,
 
  Skateboard Parks, Waterslides,
Batting Cages, and Similar Uses (4.02.230)
107
Section 22-133. Group Residential Facility for
Housing Exceptional People (3.03.100)
108
Section 22-134. Home Occupations (5.01.117) 109
Section 22-135. Hotels and Motels (3.04.200) 110
Section 22-136. Manufactured Home Park (MH-1)
Standards (3.01.200 and 3.01.300)
110
Section 22-137. Mini-warehouses (7.02.230) 112
Section 22-138. Nursing/Elderly Care Homes (3.03.410) 113
Section 22-139. Pet shops (6.01.112) 114
Section 22-140. Primary Residence with Accessory
Apartment (3.01.500)
114
Section 22-141. Public Utility Buildings and Public
Utility Structures (4.06.200)
115
Section 22-142. Retail Establishments in an
Office Building (6.01.114)
116
Section 22-143. Residential Structures -
Multi-family Conversion (3.02.400)
116
Section 22-144. Residential Structures -
Multi-family Structures (3.02.100)
117
Section 22-145. Residential Structures -
Townhouses (3.02.200)
117
Section 22-146. Satellite Dish (4.07.000) 118
Section 22-147. Shop for furniture construction, finishing,
refinishing, and assembly (7.01.210)
119
Section 22-147.1 Tattoo Parlors and Schools - Body Piercing (5.01.110) 119
     
     
ARTICLE XII PLANNED DEVELOPMENTS 121
     
Section 22-148. Intent 121
Section 22-149. Conditions 121
Section 22-150. Contents of a General Development Plan 121
Section 22-151. Types of Planned Developments 121
Section 22-152. Administrative Procedures for Planned
Developments
122
Section 22-153. Residential Mixed Use Development (RMX) 124
Section 22-154. Planned Business Park District (B-P) 125
     
     
ARTICLE XIII DENSITY AND DIMENSIONAL
REGULATIONS
129
     
Section 22-155. Minimum Lot Size 129
Section 22-156. Residential Density 129
Section 22-157. Minimum Lot Widths 129
Section 22-158. Building Setback Requirements 129
Section 22-159. Accessory Building Requirements 131
Section 22-160. Building Height Limitations 131
Section 22-161. Cluster Subdivisions 132
Section 22-162. Schedule of Zone Regulations 134
     
     
ARTICLE XIV RECREATIONAL FACILITIES
AND OPEN SPACE
137
     
Section 22-163. Recreational Facilities Required 137
Section 22-164. Recreational Facilities: Purpose
and Standards
137
Section 22-165. Provision of Common Open Space 137
Section 22-166. Open Space Requirement – Ownership 138
Section 22-167. Management of Common Open
Space Property
138
Section 22-168. Bond for Improvements 139
Section 22-169. Homeowners Associations 139
Section 22-170. Flexibility in Administration Authorized 139
     
     
ARTICLE XV UTILITIES 141
     
Section 22-171. Utility Ownership and Easement Rights 141
Section 22-172. Underground Utilities 141
Section 22-173. Utilities To Be Consistent With Internal
and External Development
141
Section 22-174. Electric Service 141
Section 22-175. Lighting Requirements 141
Section 22-176. Lighting Standards Guidelines 142
Section 22-177. Sites For and Screening of Dumpsters 142
     
     
ARTICLE XVI SIGNS 143
     
Section 22-178. Effective Date 143
Section 22-179. Permit Required for Signs 143
Section 22-180. Signs Excluded From Regulation 143
Section 22-181. Certain Temporary Signs: Permit
Exemptions and Additional Regulations
144
Section 22-182. Determining the Number of Signs 145
Section 22-183. Computation of Sign Area 146
Section 22-184. Total Building Sign Surface Area 146
Section 22-185. Freestanding Sign Surface Area 146
Section 22-186. Number of Freestanding Signs 147
Section 22-187. Subdivision and Multi-Family
Entrance Signs
147
Section 22-188. Location and Height Requirements 147
Section 22-189. Sign Illumination and Signs
Containing Lights
148
Section 22-190. Miscellaneous Restrictions and Prohibitions 148
Section 22-191. Maintenance of Signs 149
Section 22-192. Unlawful Cutting of Trees or Shrubs 150
Section 22-193. Nonconforming Signs 150
Section 22-194. Exception for Historic, Unique, or
Visually Significant Signs
151
Section 22-195. Signs to Be Used on Parcels of
Commercial or Business Park Property
 
  with Multiple Uses. 151
Section 22-196. Maximum Total Sign Area by Zoning District 153
Section 22-197. Permitted Signs by Type and Zoning District 154
Section 22-198. Reserved 154
     
     
ARTICLE XVII PARKING 155
     
Part I Parking 155
Section 22-199. Number of Parking Spaces Required 155
Section 22-200. Flexibility in Administration Required 157
Section 22-201. Parking Space Dimensions 158
Section 22-202. Required Widths of Parking Area Aisles
and Driveways
158
Section 22-203. General Design Requirements 158
Section 22-204. Vehicle Accommodation Area Surfaces 160
Section 22-205. Joint Use of Required Parking Spaces 160
Section 22-206. Satellite Parking 161
Section 22-207. Special Provisions For Lots With
Existing Buildings
162
Section 22-208. Loading and Unloading Areas 162
Section 22-209. Parking facilities for the Physically
Handicapped
163
     
Part II Landscaping of Parking Facilities 164
Section 22-210. Intent 164
Section 22-211. Sites Affected 164
Section 22-212. Perimeter Landscaping 164
Section 22-213. Interior Landscaping for Parking Lots 167
     
     
ARTICLE XVIII SCREENING AND SHADING 169
     
Part I Buffers 169
Section 22-213. Purpose 169
Section 22-214. Location of Bufferyards 169
Section 22-215. Determination of Required Bufferyard 169
Section 22-216. Responsibility for Bufferyards 170
Section 22-217. Tables of Required Bufferyards 170
Section 22-218. Bufferyard Requirements 171
Section 22-219. Bufferyard Use 171
Section 22-220. Ownership of Bufferyards 171
     
Part II Shading 171
Section 22-221. Town Findings and Declaration of
Policy: Shade Trees
171
Section 22-222. Required Trees Along Dedicated Streets 172
Section 22-223. Shade Trees in Parking Areas 172
     
     
ARTICLE XIX AMENDMENTS 173
     
Section 22-223. Procedure for Amendments or
District Changes
173
Section 22-224. General 173
Section 22-225. Initiation of Zoning Amendments 173
Section 22-226. Contents of Application 173
Section 22-227. Planning Commission Review and
Recommendation
174
Section 22-228. Town Council Action 174
Section 22-229. Amendments for Floating Zones 174
     
ARTICLE XX HISTORIC OVERLAY ZONE
     
Special Section Historic Overlay Zoning Ordinance PDF 51 KB
     
Section 22-230. Purpose  
Section 22-231. Definitions  
Section 22-232. Power to Establish  
Section 22-233. Structural and Site Standards Specifications  
Section 22-234. Permitted Uses  
Section 22-235. Designation of Historic Overlay Zones  
Section 22-236. Procedures for Petition for Designation or Removal  
Section 22-237. Outside Consultation Permitted  
Section 22-238. Powers and Duties of the Commission  
Section 22-239. Historic Overlay Zoning Permits  
Section 22-240. Criteria for Review of Application and Permits for Alterations to Designated Historic Overlay Zones  
Section 22-241. Action on Applications for Historic Overlay Zoning Permits  
Section 22-242 to Section 22-250 Reserved